Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):
Prevention and Management.
What is Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
What is the main cause of hypertension?
A blood pressure reading has two numbers: Systolic ( the first or top number in a reading) and diastolic ( the second or bottom number in a reading).
Systolic pressure is the force of the blood against the artery walls when the heart contracts to pump blood. Systolic pressure is always the higher number at the top. Diastolic pressure is the pressure against the arteries between heartbeats, as the heart relaxes. The unit of measurement is in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
Optimal blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg (referred to as “120 over 80”) or below. High blood pressure is defined for adults as systolic pressure above 140 or diastolic pressure above 90. Generally, a diagnosis of high blood pressure results when you have high readings on three different occasions during a single week.
The Table Below Shows Various blood pressure chat in mmHg.
Following a healthy lifestyle is considered the best way to maintain blood pressure within the recommended range. How to do it:
Keep your weight healthy. The higher your body mass index (BMI), the greater your odds of developing high blood pressure. Learn your BMI from your doctor and aim for the normal range of weight for your height.
Track your blood pressure. “Take your blood pressure at home often and bring a blood pressure log of your readings to the doctor,” suggests Blaha. It’s especially important to have it checked often if you’re over age 40, overweight, sedentary, or have a family history of heart disease or high blood pressure.
Eat heart-healthy foods. That means a diet high in whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and lean protein, and low in sodium and alcohol. Get practical ideas to eat for heart health in Eat Smart .
Get, or stay, fit. Being active helps keep weight in check and reduces your odds of many different heart problems.
Don’t smoke, or, if you do now, quit. Smoking damages blood vessels.
ARM VS WRIST BLOOD PRESSURE MONITOR
Some wrist blood pressure monitors may be accurate if used exactly as directed. However, the American Heart Association recommends using a home blood pressure monitor that measures blood pressure in your upper arm and not using wrist or finger blood pressure monitors.
Wrist blood pressure monitors are extremely sensitive to body position. To get an accurate reading when taking your blood pressure with a wrist monitor, your arm and wrist must be at heart level. Even then, blood pressure measurements taken at the wrist are usually higher and less accurate than those taken at your upper arm. That’s because the wrist arteries are narrower and not as deep under your skin as those of the upper arm.
It’s common for blood pressure readings taken at home on any type of monitor to be different from those taken at your doctor’s office. If you have a wrist blood pressure monitor, it’s a good idea to take your monitor to a doctor’s appointment. Your doctor can then check your blood pressure with both a standard upper arm monitor and a wrist monitor in the correct position in the same arm to check your wrist blood pressure monitor’s accuracy. Also make sure to use a validated device.
What makes the upper arm BP monitor a favorite for blood pressure readings?
As you might have surmised from the discussion above, one reason many people prefer upper arm monitors is that the cuff naturally rests at the same level as your heart. That makes it easy to quickly and accurately measure blood pressure, both in a clinical setting and at home.
If you’ve heard that upper arm monitors are hard to use, rest assured! At-home blood pressure monitors are easier to use than ever. Features like pre-formed cuffs, as well as digital screens and automated processes are just a few of the options that can make monitoring your blood pressure simpler.
Many doctors recommend upper arm blood pressure monitors for at home use due to their accuracy and consistency. Our monitors are clinically validated for accuracy, so you can trust the reliability of your readings, plus they are easy to use and understand.